The Republic of Belarus is a multi-faith state with no religious conflicts.

The country's legislation ensures and guarantees everyone's rights to freedom of conscience and freedom of religion, social justice, equality, protection of rights and interests regardless of religion and religious affiliation, freedom of association into religious organizations.

Government bodies of all levels support initiatives of religious organizations to promote dialogue between religions based on respect for human rights and religious tolerance. Work is also underway to prevent the activities of destructive religious organizations.

Freedom of religion in Belarus is guaranteed by the Constitution. The rights and freedoms of believers are also enshrined in the law on freedom of conscience and religious organizations.

There were 3,590 registered religious institutions in Belarus as of 1 January 2023. They represent 25 religious denominations and movements and include 173 religious organizations (religious associations, monasteries and convents, missions, brotherhoods and sisterhoods, religious educational facilities), and 3,417 religious communities (Eastern Orthodox Church, Roman Catholic Church, Evangelicalism, Evangelical Baptist Church, Seventh-Day Adventist Church, Lutheran Church, Judaism, Islam and other churches).

In its relations with religious institutions the state proceeds from the principle of legal egalitarianism of all religions, which is enshrined in the Belarusian law. The state also has regard to the influence of the religion on the formation of spiritual and cultural values and traditions of statehood of the Belarusian people.

The Belarusian religious landscape is dominated by the Belarusian Orthodox Church. It is represented by 1,733 communities, 15 eparchies, 6 religious schools, 36 monasteries and convents, 15 brotherhoods, 9 sisterhoods and one mission. 

The Roman Catholic Church in Belarus includes four dioceses, 500 communities, six educational institutions, 11 missions and nine monasteries and convents.

Protestant religious organizations are represented by 1,040 communities, 21 associations, 22 missions and five educational institutions of 13 denominations.

The largest Protestant denominations are associations of Evangelical Christians (524 communities), Evangelical Baptist Christians (281 communities), Seventh-Day Adventists (73 communities). Lutheranism has 25 communities in the country.

Three Jewish associations unite 51 communities in Belarus. They have ten places of worship and one educational institution.

There are 24 Muslim communities in Belarus that have nine places of worship, including the Cathedral Mosque in Minsk. Its official opening took place on 11 November 2016 with the participation of Aleksandr Lukashenko, President of Belarus and Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Turkiye.

In 2015, Belarus registered a Buddhist community Shen Chen Ling of the Bon tradition.

Aleksandr Lukashenko, President of Belarus pays close attention to activities of religious organizations. The President regularly meets with members of the Synod of the Belarusian Orthodox Church and representatives of the Roman Catholic Church in Belarus.
Cathedral of the Descent of the Holy Spirit

In 2008, the Consultative Interfaith Council was set up at the commissioner for religions and nationalities to encourage an interfaith dialogue, preserve the traditions of tolerance, and enhance interaction between government agencies and religious organizations in addressing important social issues.

In spiritual terms, the highlights for Belarus were the 550th anniversary of the acquisition of the miraculous Zhirovichi Icon of the Mother of God and the 500th anniversary of the founding of the Zhirovichi Holy Assumption Stavropegial Monastery  - the spiritual shrine of Belarusian people.