The way the party system has been evolving in independent Belarus is a testimony to the democratic transformation of the Belarusian society. Political parties are part and parcel of political pluralism which ultimate goal is to protect rights and freedoms of people.
Belarusian conservative and liberal political parties make up a diverse political spectrum. (Belarusian political parties represent a broad range of political views, from liberal to conservative). Their programs clearly manifest left-wing, right-wing, and centrist ideas.
They can be divided into several groups
- Left-wing parties – the Communist Party of Belarus, the Belarusian Left Party “A Just World”, the Belarusian Agrarian Party, the Republican Party of Labor and Justice, the Belarusian Patriotic Party – protect the interests of working people and advocate for collective responsibility.
- Belarusian social and democratic parties include the Belarusian Social Democratic Assembly, the Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Hramada), the Social Democratic Party of Popular Accord, the Belarusian Green Party.
- Liberal parties include the Liberal Democratic Party, the United Civic Party, the Conservative Christian Party – BNF, the BNF Party.
The Belarusian Social and Sports Party and the Republican Party do not manifest their ideological principles.
The number of party supporters is indicated based on an application principle and, according to the estimates of the parties themselves, ranges from 1,200 to 50,000 people.
The majority of political parties in Belarus are actively involved in important political campaigns. They nominate their representatives to the lower chamber of the Belarusian Parliament and local councils of deputies, take part in the presidential elections, election commissions of all levels and election observation missions.
In 2018, 458 representatives of seven political parties were elected to local councils of deputies of the twenty-eighth convocation.
Twenty-one representatives of five political parties were elected to the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus in 2019.