Social Protection

Social protection

The Republic of Belarus prioritizes care of the elderly and disabled people. The national social security system was created and developed to support these population groups.

There are territorial social security centers with affiliated offices and social aid posts granting access to social care in every administrative district of the republic.

Belarusian inpatient facilities offer comfortable homelike accommodation and service conditions to those who need 24/7 medical care and assistance.

Special attention is given to lonely citizens. After annual inspections of their living conditions, local executive and regulatory authorities take measures to ensure safe living conditions and provide essential care to them.

A wide range of social care options and services makes it possible for unemployable citizens to choose a suitable form of living arrangement – at home or in care homes.

Belarusian social care workers are doing their best to create conditions allowing elderly and disabled people to stay in habitual living environment in their homes as long as possible. A system of in-home social care has been created, daycare facilities have been opened, and new forms of social care are applied for this purpose. As a result, the accessibility to social services has been steadily improving in Belarus.

An efficient social security system has been created in the Republic of Belarus.

Financial assistance is provided to low-income citizens, families with underage children, people with disabilities within the framework of the system of state targeted social assistance.

At present, the state targeted social assistance system includes four welfare benefits provided with different aims:

  • monthly allowance for low-income citizens and families, whose per capita income is lower than the subsistence level – the needs assessment criterion;
  • one-time benefit for citizens and families that are experiencing hardships and whose income is lower than the needs assessment criterion by 150%;
  • social benefit to compensate for expenses on personal hygiene products for children with the 4th degree of disability, people with disabilities of Group 1;
  • supplies of food products for children up to two years old to low-income families and in case of a multiple birth to families regardless of income.

In 2019, 295,000 people received state targeted social assistance worth a total of Br94.2 million.