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Higher Education

Alexander Lukashenko meets with students of the International Relations Department of the Belarusian State University, 1 September 2012
Alexander Lukashenko meets with students of the International Relations Department of the Belarusian State University, 1 September 2012
Belarus has a well-developed education system that offers up-to-date training in a wide range of professions. Some 99.6% of Belarusian adults and 99.8% of the youth are literate. This is one of the highest literacy levels in the world. Belarus has the same student-to-population ratio as the one in the developed countries of Europe and in the world.

The state education policy relies on the enhancement of the leading principles of development, including:

the public and social character of management;

ensuring the principles of justice, equal access to education;

higher quality of education for all.

Public and private educational institutions in Belarus are subordinate to the Education Ministry. As of today, there are over 8,000 educational institutions of all levels in Belarus.

In 2015, eight Belarusian universities made it to the Top 4000 Universities (Webometrics). BSU was ranked 673rd in 2014 and improved its position to 609th in 2015.

Belarus joined the Bologna Process – the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) - in May 2015.

The National Council of University Rectors is the supreme advisory body in the system of higher education. It was founded by President’s Decree No. 71 of 8 February 2001.

Higher education in Belarus is prestigious and affordable. To get admitted to university, school graduates have to take centralized tests. Students can choose to study full time, take up evening courses or opt for extramural studies. All graduates receive university diplomas. Full-time students who get scholarships and grants are provided with the first job placement after graduation.

The Belarusian system of higher learning takes into account global trends and fulfills international obligations. Belarus maintains cooperation with other educational institutions within the framework of UNESCO programs, the CIS, and the Belarus-Russia Union State.

There are several types of higher education institutions in Belarus: “classical” universities, specialist universities and academies, institutes, higher colleges.

Advanced academic training is available through post-graduate and doctoral courses provided by higher learning institutions and research centers of the Education Ministry of the Republic of Belarus. There is a multi-branch network of institutions providing refresher courses and advanced training in Belarus.

Belarusian education is popular with foreign students. As a rule, foreign students have to pay for their studies at Belarusian universities.

On 13 January 2011 the President of the Republic of Belarus signed the Education Code. The document was approved by the House of Representatives on 2 December 2010 and by the Council of the Republic on 22 December 2010. The Education Code provides for developing a unified regulation mechanism in education, systematizing and streamlining existing regulations, reducing the number of regulatory acts, and eliminating drawbacks in the regulations governing this field. The Education Code ensures continuity of legal regulation and does not provide for any conceptual changes in the system. The Education Code of the Republic of Belarus consists of the General Part and the Special Part. The document contains established legal norms that proved to be a success as well as new regulations.
© 2020, The Press Service of the President of the Republic of Belarus