Alexander Lukashenko meets with students of the International Relations Department of the Belarusian State University, 1 September 2012
Belarus has a well-developed education system that
offers up-to-date training in a wide range of professions. Some 99.6% of
Belarusian adults and 99.8% of the youth are literate. This is one of the
highest literacy levels in the world. Belarus has the same student-to-population
ratio as the one in the developed countries of Europe and in the world.
The state education policy relies on the
enhancement of the leading principles of development, including:
the public and social character of
ensuring the principles of
justice, equal access to education;
higher quality of education for all.
Public and private educational institutions in Belarus are
subordinate to the Education Ministry. As of today, there are over 8,000
educational institutions of all levels in Belarus.
In 2015, eight Belarusian universities made it to the Top 4000
Universities (Webometrics). BSU was ranked 673rd in 2014 and improved its
position to 609th in 2015.Belarus
joined the Bologna Process
– the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) -
in May 2015.
The National Council of
University Rectors is the supreme advisory body in the system of higher
education. It was founded by President’s Decree No. 71 of 8 February
Higher education in Belarus is
prestigious and affordable. To get admitted to university, school graduates have
to take centralized tests. Students can choose to study full time, take up
evening courses or opt for extramural studies. All graduates receive university
diplomas. Full-time students who get scholarships and grants are provided with
the first job placement after graduation.
The Belarusian system of higher learning takes into account global
trends and fulfills international obligations. Belarus maintains cooperation
with other educational institutions within the framework of UNESCO programs, the
CIS, and the Belarus-Russia Union State.
There are several types of higher education institutions in Belarus:
“classical” universities, specialist universities and academies, institutes,
training is available through post-graduate and doctoral courses provided by
higher learning institutions and research centers of the Education Ministry of
the Republic of Belarus. There is a multi-branch network of institutions
providing refresher courses and advanced training in Belarus.
Belarusian education is popular with foreign
students. As a rule, foreign students have to pay for their studies at
On 13 January
2011 the President of the Republic of Belarus signed the Education Code. The
document was approved by the House of Representatives on 2 December 2010 and by
the Council of the Republic on 22 December 2010. The Education Code provides for
developing a unified regulation mechanism in education, systematizing and
streamlining existing regulations, reducing the number of regulatory acts, and
eliminating drawbacks in the regulations governing this field. The Education
Code ensures continuity of legal regulation and does not provide for any
conceptual changes in the system. The Education Code of the Republic of Belarus
consists of the General Part and the Special Part. The document contains
established legal norms that proved to be a success as well as new