Conferment of doctor of sciences diplomas and professor certificates
all times government and geopolitical boundaries have been too tight
for science. It invariably belongs to all mankind and is meant to serve
the whole civilization, Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko said at a
ceremony to present doctor of sciences diplomas and professor
certificates in Minsk on 25 January.
age-old thesis is that science is international. Belarusian scientists
as well as the entire international scientific community still has to
accomplish a lot to respond to the modern challenges that are
unprecedentedly complex and multidimensional,” the President said.
is necessary to continue the search for alternative sources of energy,
to stop irreversible environmental changes, to discover new ways to
prevent diseases and treat them, to overcome food crises and solve many
other problems important for all people on the planet. “But in our
country, we must work together primarily to achieve the strategic goals
of the state,” Alexander Lukashenko said.
added that there is a need to increase the competitiveness of the
domestic economy, to ensure the national security of Belarus, to
strengthen the country's sovereignty. “Using talents and skills you will
change the world for the better, raise the mankind to a new stage of
development. Because there where science stands high, high stand the
man,” the head of state noted.
Lukashenko said that it is with a special attitude that he meets with
scientists, that he always look forward to them. “Today we have only a
small part of these daring, hard-working people in this hall. The
profession is not easy. I never tire to repeat it everywhere. The
decision to go into this profession is commendable,” the Belarusian
The President noted that science plays a very important role in the life of
any state, ensures its independence, gives a country a political weight
on the international arena. “Therefore, by awarding diplomas and
certificates to doctors and professors in the run-up to the professional
day [Belarusian Science Day is marked on 27 January], we not only
celebrate the results of their research but also, and above all, set new
conceptual, strategic objectives before science,” Alexander Lukashenko
head of state noted that every new generation of scientists always
strives to raise the bar higher. “It is like in sport. You always move
forward. You need to be faster, more accurate and stronger to beat those
who already set a record. On the way to the goal you need not only
skills but also the character. The same way success and recognition in
science come to strong personalities, talented hard-workers endlessly
dedicated to the cause,” he stressed.
Lukashenko stated that all the achievements of Belarusian scientists
are the fruit of many years of labor, fine work, genuine desire to serve
the people, improve the quality of life of the contemporaries and
change the lives of future generations for the better.
sets the goals before science. Today, we especially need the knowledge
and experience of the prominent, decorated scientists, the energy and
ambitions of young fledgling researchers willing to not only conquer the
unknown forces of nature but also confront complex political and
economic challenges together with the state. We expect innovative
projects and technologies in nuclear energy, space exploration,
digitalization, economy, medicine, education, sociology, ecology and
geology,” Alexander Lukashenko noted.
stressed that intellectual work is the basis for the development of any
society, and it should be applicable, aimed at a concrete result, and
produce real benefits for both the state and its people.
lot has already been done in the country to support promising
specialists. Optimal conditions have been created for scientific,
technical and practical work. A system of financial incentives has been
developed to reward effective implementation of ideas.
President congratulated the new doctors of science and professors, as
well as all the scientists of the country on their professional holiday
and wished them every success in their difficult but endlessly
of Medicine, Associate Professor at the First Department for Pediatric
Diseases of Belarusian State Medical University Sergei Baiko told
attendees about his knowhow. He was awarded the doctorate for improving
and upgrading the renal replacement therapy in children with an acute
and chronic renal failure.
2005 we moved into a new building of Municipal Children’s Teaching
Hospital No. 2. Over the past decade, the National Center for Pediatric
Nephrology and Renal Replacement Therapy became the best in the entire
post-Soviet space. In terms of treatment outcomes we are on par with
leading European hospitals,” the doctor said.
unveiled the details of the current treatment protocols that allowed
reducing the death rate manifold and personalizing approaches to
diagnostics and treatment.
Baiko invited Alexander Lukashenko to visit Municipal Children’s
Teaching Hospital No. 2: “When you opened our clinic 14 years ago, we
talked about challenges and prospects, while now we can demonstrate the
results of our work.”
“Thank you! I will come to the hospital with great pleasure,” the President responded.
the same time, he noted that this hospital is not a place where one
could relax their mind. “It is always hard for me to see sick children.
When a child is sick, it is dreadful. Thank you a lot for children. It
is a very important issue and a very important matter,” the President
meeting discussed the domestic achievements in the field of foundry.
Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Machines
and Foundry Technology Department at Belarusian National Technical
University Sergei Rovin briefed the President on the state of affairs in
this sector. The scientist was awarded the doctor academic degree for
conceptual development of a new research area in dispersed metal waste
recycling. Simply put, the work is dedicated to resource conservation,
and this task is relevant for all countries with advanced machine
engineering. The new technology allows recycling waste of alloys of
non-ferrous and ferrous metals. For Belarus this means the annual
recycling of up to 200,000 tonnes of iron and steel. The profitability
of production workshops even with small processing volumes will make up
not less than 50% with the payback period less than a year.
Lukashenko got interested in this development and asked Vladimir
Gusakov how these innovations are being assimilated. He recalled that
the NASB has the right to directly interact with the government on
relevant issues. If there is no understanding, the government members in
charge of this matter will have to defend their point of view at the
level of the head of state. “But I do not think that a scientist will
offer something that is impossible to implement or that is bad for the
economy,” he said.
vehicles and electric energy in general should be used more broadly in
Belarus, President Alexander Lukashenko said as he talked to scientists
after a ceremony to present Doctor of Sciences diplomas and Professor
head of state noted that the nuclear power plant will soon be
commissioned in Belarus. Existing power grids have largely been
upgraded. As a result, the country will be able to export electric
energy and expand its use domestically. “Let us start with our own
people. We can develop energy-efficient stoves and devices at reasonable
prices that will not be higher than gas prices. Cars running on
gasoline and diesel fuel can be replaced by electric cars. This task was
set for the National Academy of Sciences. Will you be able to fulfill
this task this year? This pertains to a broad range of electric
vehicles, from electric bicycles to tractors and MAZ vehicles with
electric traction. We need to do it on our own,” the President said.
noted that he uses an electric motorcycle, though this motorcycle is
made of Chinese parts. “It is good that you designed an electric
motorcycle in China and brought it here for me for a test drive. I use
it as much as I can. It is a great thing. However, it is all Chinese,
except for the frame that you welded there. But we need our own
products. First of all, batteries,” the President noted.
of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Vladimir Gusakov reported that work is underway on a whole range of
electric vehicles. “An electric bicycle, scooter; now we are also
working on a Belarusian motorbike. As far as electric cars are
concerned, the first test model that we demonstrated has been finalized.
We have already designed an electric mini-van, a small electric
municipal vehicle and a small truck. We are ready to show them to you,”
Vladimir Gusakov unveiled plans to set up a small experimental facility to produce electric transport.
to him, scientists have already developed a domestic battery that is
undergoing tests right now. It can challenge foreign products in terms
of many specifications. “It is a graphene battery, not a lithium one.
Lithium is very expensive and it can be found only in China. At the same
time, we produce enough graphene in Belarus. We have already installed
domestically produced batteries on an electric car and electric
bicycles. We are testing them,” Vladimir Gusakov said.
Lukashenko noted that it is important to move forward using the world’s
best practices instead of trying to invent the wheel. “I brought you a
Tesla and put it next to your model. I realize that this model was
crude, but I do not think you will invent a Belarusian Tesla. However,
you should strive to roll out an affordable car with a good
price/quality ratio,” the Belarusian leader said.
Gusakov informed that the improved model is two times more powerful and
efficient than the previous version of the Belarusian electric car. “We
are working on it. A task was set to come up with a product similar to a
Tesla car,” he said.
Lukashenko asked about specifications of the Belarusian electric car.
It turned out that this car can cover only 250km on a single charge. “We
will increase it up to 500km. We are working on it,” Vladimir Gusakov
He added that a Belarusian electric engine will be on display at the exhibition timed to Belarusian Science Day.
Deputy Prime Minister Igor Lyashenko noted that last week he saw a
tractor fitted with an electric drive. “This work should be streamlined.
We know our bottleneck – it is the lack of a high-capacity energy
source, like you said,” he noted.
to the vice premier, this matter had been discussed with the Geely
company chief during the talks on launching production of electric cars
in Belarus. “They are still working on it; therefore they were not ready
to roll out electric cars this year. The work is underway. They are not
there yet when it comes to electric battery cells,” Igor Lyashenko
Lukashenko believes that electric cars, just like electric transport in
general are something Belarus should focus on. Speaking about his
experience of driving a Tesla car, he said: “I love driving. It is my
hobby. I have driven many cars. However, a Tesla is a wonder car. It is
fast and can move at a high speed. There is even no place to test it
properly. It can go as fast as 250km/h on the ring road. It is very
smooth and stable,” the head of state said.
is very important for our people and the country. Electric vehicles are
not the future; they are the present of the entire planet. We should
not drag behind. Therefore, we will see at the end of the year what you
will have achieved,” the Belarusian leader said.
Lukashenko noted that science should focus on things that are relevant
for people and the state. “It is advisable to avoid irrelevant areas of
research. Scientists should work on the things the economy and people
need today without forgetting about fundamental research if it is
necessary and marketable,” the head of state said.